Marionette is a also known as a doll attached to strings or wires, and it’s activated by pulling the strings attached to its head and limbs.
The origin of the name is from French, which means “Little Mary”, who refers to the Virgin Mary that was one of the first figures to be made into a marionette.
This doll is usually being used for playing and for puppets shows.
On the shows the Marionette appears in front of the audience while its activator is hidden and control it from behind the scenes, or for the least the Marionette controller wears black clothes in order to be as less obvious as possible.
The history of Marionette dolls goes long back to ancient Greek and was mentioned already in Xenophon’s writings as strings puppets that were used for religious rituals.
Those unique dolls were also found inside of graves from ancient Rome.
In the modern era the Marionettes were used in the Commedia dell’arte and street theater in the Renaissance period in Italy.
They were also famous in England, Germany, Austria and even in the USA, mainly after the Walt Disney’s animation film of Pinocchio was published and made the Marionette dolls popular.
In addition, in 1947 the popular children’s T.V. show “Howdy Doody” went on air, with a marionette as the main character.